Silas begins working on a truth serum for his Botany class, using plant extracts. Silas concludes that, if his experiment works, he will earn an A in Botany, and a guarantee of a next semester. His experiment fails numerous times. Before midterms Jamal suggests they go to a graveyard, dig up a "smart dead guy", and smoke his remains which they attempted to do so with John Quincy Adams. Whereas Silas suggests simply that they study hard for a few hours a day while high. They try Silas's plan, but it does not pan out, as they end up failing almost all of their midterm exams.
Frank La Sorte, another Cornell Lab research associate who has had several research studies published on bird migration using eBird and radar data, says topography may also play a role in pushing flight altitudes higher in the mountainous West.
Choice of Taxed Event and Point of Collection Depends on Type of Tax. We assess several options for specifying the tax event and point of collection for state cannabis taxes. Tax administration and compliance work best when the connection between the taxed event and the point of collection is very close, when taxpayers are highly visible to the public, and when there is a small number of taxpayers.
Craft Definition of Gross Receipts Carefully. As discussed in our related online post, A Key Interaction Between Cannabis Taxes and Sales Taxes, there is an opaque, counterintuitive interaction between sales taxes and other taxes on retail gross receipts, such as local cannabis taxes. Due to this interaction, the overall tax rate on cannabis is slightly higher than it appears to be. As discussed in the post, we recommend that the Legislature craft the definition of retail gross receipts carefully to minimize such interactions.
Because property taxes are tied to housing values, it makes sense that the actual dollar amounts of property taxes tend to be higher in places with higher housing prices. This map takes housing value into account to give a broader perspective for property tax comparison.
Some states with high property taxes, like New Hampshire and Texas, rely heavily on them in lieu of other major tax categories. This often involves greater devolution of authority to local governments, which are responsible for more government services than they are in states with greater reliance on state-level revenues. Other states, like New Jersey and Illinois, impose high property taxes alongside high rates in the other major tax categories.
In calendar year 2019 (the most recent data available), New Jersey had the highest effective rate on owner-occupied property at 2.13 percent, followed by Illinois (1.97 percent) and New Hampshire (1.89 percent). Hawaii was at the other end of the spectrum with the lowest effective rate of 0.31 percent, followed closely by Alabama (0.37 percent) and Louisiana and Wyoming (both at 0.51 percent).
For readers in the UK, it is worth highlighting that public welfare in the USA such as Medicaid applies to a much smaller percentage of people than equivalent benefits in the UK, and is generally only accessible to the most seriously disadvantaged residents. The failure of automated systems to support the poorest and most vulnerable people in the richest country in the world is a theme that Eubanks highlights throughout the book.
Over the next two months, researchers on the National Geographic and Rolex expedition she helped to organise would study the effects of climate change on this part of the Himalayas. Elmore, a geologist and at the time senior programme manager of the National Geographic Society in the US, supported the team installing the world's highest weather station on the flanks of Mount Everest. During the course of their expedition, her colleagues discovered the world's highest evidence of microplastic pollution in snow and stream water close to the summit.
Many of the highest peaks in the world, including Everest, have permanent snow caps that help protect them from this wind-blown barrage. Rock covered in a soft blanket of snow suffers less weathering and erosion than bare rock, says Headley. It also protects the rock from chemical reactions with the air that can gradually degade the minerals in the limestone that comprises much of the uppermost parts of Mount Everest. But there are still places where the rock is exposed to the elements.
Meanwhile, Everest retains its allure as a mountain at the extreme of what can be found and endured here on Earth. Its reputation as the highest peak on our planet continues to attract climbers from all over the world, even as its height continues to shift.
Over a video call I ask Billi Bierling, a mountaineering journalist who hiked Everest herself in 2009, whether an extra millimetre, metre or mile higher matters to people like her. She is relaxing on the sofa at her mother's house in Germany, preparing to head back to Nepal for the summer season in March.
"The exact measurement doesn't matter," she says, laughing warmly at my question. "What matters is that it's the highest, and that you go to the highest point. If you're having a bad day, or someone is not very nice to you, or they put you down, you can think to yourself, you know what? I've climbed Everest."
Q. What's the highest you've ever known monarchs to fly? A. Glider pilots have reported monarchs flying as high as eleven thousand feet. Q. Why do they fly at such high altitudes? A. At increasingly higher altitudes wind speed increases rapidly. So if the winds are going in the right direction, it pays monarchs to thermal upward. Q. Why don't monarchs always fly that high? A. The height monarchs fly depends on which way the wind is blowing. When winds are from the south, monarchs fly very low. Or, if the winds are strong enough, they don't fly at all. They wait patiently in low areas with lots of trees (if available) for the winds to turn around. During these times, they mysteriously accumulate. This is when they form their gigantic roosts and people are dazzled by large curtains of hanging butterflies at night and early morning. When the winds turn around the story is very different. During a typical morning with correct winds, monarchs will burst out of their roosts after they have warmed themselves enough to fly. Remember they are cold blooded creatures (poikilotherms in scientific lingo) and must depend on sunlight (radiation) to warm their flight muscles. Once they leave the roost they may fly to a point in full sun where they bask some more or they may search for a morning thermal, and ride the rising air upward, twisting and turning like a feather caught in the wind. For more information about wind and migration see:
Q. Do they go as high as the clouds? A. If they fly at 11,000 feet they could certainly be above some clouds. Clouds help to spot monarchs. That is, you can see a monarch against a cloud much more easily than you can see one in clear air. If you saw a group of them against a cloud and knew the height at which clouds began that day, you would at least know the upper limit for the group you were observing. Q. Do monarchs go higher than the naked eye can see? A. If the thermals are strong they may rise until we can see them no more. Normally a group of migrants consists of butterflies flying a many levels. Some will be within 100 feet of the ground. Others will rise so high that they disappear from binocular view. Q. At what altitude do they disappear from view? A. You could do a simple experiment to see how far a butterfly is when it disappears from view. Find a dead monarch or make one from orange colored cardboard. It has to be the same size and approximate color as a real monarch. Attach it to a highway sign on a little used road or a playground if there is a large one nearby. Walk away from the sign until you can no longer see the monarch, and then measure the distance from you to the sign. You may have to get a parent to drive to measure the tens of a mile. Try the same thing with binoculars. Q. How much of their migration time do monarchs spend high in the sky, and how much time down where they can be seen? A. It's hard to say with certainty, but monarchs seem to fly at least 3/4 of a day, say from 8:30 to 5:30 during days with good winds. Sometimes they will stay up until just about dark. In deserts they come down much earlier, perhaps as early as noon. It's not known what brings them down. But the opportunity to nectar and too much heat may be factors.
Studies suggest that high fructose intake may increase the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), in which too much fat is stored in liver cells. Fatty liver disease can lead to liver inflammation and liver damage, resulting in a more aggressive disease called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH can progress to scarring of the liver (cirrhosis), liver cancer, and liver failure.
The researchers randomly assigned mice to receive either a high-fructose diet or a control diet with the equivalent calories from corn starch (which then quickly breaks down into glucose, the sugar cells use for energy). Within a few months, mice on the high-fructose diet developed fatty livers and had greater rates of liver tumors than mice on the control diet. Mice bred to be prone to develop NASH showed clinical signs of the disease.
Homeowners in river flood zones are looking for good strategies on how high to elevate their houses. FEMA recommends elevating houses to the height of a flood that has a one percent chance of occurring in a given year, also known as the 100-year flood, plus at least one foot. This is the minimum elevation for which federal funding may be available.
But determining how high to elevate a house requires homeowners to consider the costs and benefits of doing so, which depend on uncertainties such as future flood hazards in the context of climate variability and change, the future value of money, and building vulnerabilities like structural durability. 041b061a72